Johann Sebastian Bach’s St John Passion exists in four versions (and therefore lacks a single, definitive form), making it a work with many facets. The role of the many authors who worked on the libretto in its four versions deserves to be identified and evaluated, and Bach’s motivations and strategies which lie behind these versions need to be recognized. The bold step from Passion story to Passion drama, which the composer expected Leipzig congregations to take, offered new opportunities for the listener to identify with the individual roles in the Passion. Bach displayed both closeness and distance to the theatrical church music of his era. At the same time, he retained a view of the Passion events formed by the understanding of the gospel he was familiar with, yet the new historical-critical methods of biblical interpretation are fundamental to the work. This volume brings together lectures given by musicologists and theologians during the Stuttgart Bach Week 2011: Michael Gassmann (Hrsg.), Martin Geck, Joachim Kremer, Martin Petzoldt und Meinrad Walter.
Bachs Johannes-Passion /// Poetische, musikalische, theologische Konzepte /// 134 pages, numerous illustrations and sample music sheets, index /// ISBN 978-3-7618-2285-2 /// 24,95 €
Hearing is a nocturnal sense. It is easier to hear something that you cannot see. In the dark, people are more sensitive to sounds and noise, an archaic reflex designed to protect us against danger that also immensely increases the effect of music played at night. And it isn't just the darkness, but also the silence of the night that enables us to experience music when it is played at night, since when light is present, distractions are able to be perceived. Music is detected more immediately in the dark. The immediacy, the special magic, and the special intensity of music at night have been employed by the church during the liturgies of their most important celebrations and by princely courts for their sensuality. Painters and poets have been inspired to try to record the extraordinary effect of sounds heard in the dark with their own respective media for centuries. Composers have created musical genres like serenades and notturni, and they have composed music that examines the dark as its topic. This volume presents lectures held by composers, music, and literature scientists, theologians, and art historians within the scope of a symposium for the International Bach Academy involving the 'Music of the Night' at the Stuttgart Music Festival 2010. Volume 16 features the most richly traditional series of magazines with a fresh new layout.
The Music of the Night /// Music Painting Liturgy Literature /// 167 pages, numerous illustrations and sample music sheets, literature, author biographies, index of 'night' concepts
The main portion of the Mass in C Minor KV 427 examines Mozart's night world nearly as much as the remaining fragment of his Requiem. With this Mass, Mozart seemed to want to go in a new direction, but his path seemed to be blocked. It is likely this unrequited desire that has constantly drawn scientists and musicians to try to add to and complete this piece. In 2006, the Stuttgart International Bach Academy organised a symposium in the context of the European Music Festival, which was dedicated to additions and completions involving the Mass in C Minor. With the fifteenth volume of its magazine series, the Bach Academy now presents the discussion of the symposium, complemented with overviews, letters, and other documents.
Mozart Mass in C Minor KV 427 /// 2010 /// 364 Seiten /// ISBN 978-3-7618-1918-0
Martin Petzoldt: Bach Commentary, theological-musical commentary, Johann Sebastian Bach's spiritual vocal works, volume II: the spiritual cantatas from the 1st of Advent until Trinity Sunday. The second volume of the Bach Commentary by Martin Petzoldt finally appears for Bach Week 2007. This examines the spiritual cantatas from the 1st of Advent until Trinity Sunday, which follows the structure of the ecclesiastical year. This includes the oratorios, which were composed and performed by Bach in the function of evangelical music. The Christmas Oratorio BWV 248 is examined and explained is special detail, and Martin Petzoldt, professor of systematic theology at the theological faculty of the University of Leipzig, has attempted to present the text according to the score written by Bach himself.
Bach Commentary, Volume II /// 2007, 1100 Seiten, ISBN 3-7618-1742-8
Martin Petzoldt: Bach Commentary, theological-musical commentary regarding Johann Sebastian Bach's spiritual vocal works, volume I: the spiritual cantatas from the 1st to the 27th Trinity Sunday. In three comprehensive volumes, the Bach Commentary considers the complete spiritual vocal works by Johann Sebastian Bach from a theological perspective. Until recently, a theological companion to the essential musicological Bach research that mainly focuses on the contemporary theology of the texts set to music by Bach has been missing. This void has now been filled. Based on detailed theological research, the Bach Commentary offers readers comprehensive access to the Bible passages important to Bach's spiritual vocal music. The author, Martin Petzoldt, is professor of systematic theology at the University of Leipzig.
Bach Commentary, Volume I /// 2004, 726 Seiten, ISBN 3-7618-1741-X
This volume features the presentations of the Stuttgart European Music Festival 2003. This discussion examines the central questions involved with the composition from various perspectives. The emotional component of the composition is considered somewhat differently here, which not only helped Brahms to achieve a general breakthrough, but also managed to beat all expectations. Analytical observations involving the musical material are compared to historical composition techniques that influenced Brahms‘ modern tonal expression. Once again, this time from a theological perspective, the question is raised about the quality and meaning of this choral piece. A chronology, sample scores, quotes from letters, illustrations and documents, publication and literature notes, and an extensive index provide readers with detailed help.
Johannes Brahms: A German Requiem /// 2004, 238 Seiten, Volume out of stock
During the Bach memorial year in 2000, the theme of the Stuttgart European Music Festival was PASSION 2000. Volume 11 of the magazine series provides a programme booklet for the four Passions according to the four Evangelists, set to music by four composers from diverse cultural areas in their respective languages. Wolfgang Rihm (Germany), Sofia Gubaidulina (Russia), Osvaldo Golijov (Argentina), Tan Dun (China/USA). As an addition to volume 11 of the magazine series, volume 12 contains every speech and lecture contributed during the two weeks of the Music Festival. The first segment, which features both of the main presentations on Sunday, is followed by explanations of the four depictions of the Passion. Each of the four composers is examined with regard to the premier performances of their depiction of the Passion. Authors: Hubert Frankemölle, Eberhard Jüngel, Peter Kreyssig, Martin Petzoldt, Alfred Suhl, François Vouga, and Alfons Weiser
The Passion explained /// 2000, 144 Seiten, ISBN 3-7618-1561-1
The Stuttgart International Bach Academy initiated the project PASSION 2000 during the Bach Year 2000, which is intended to honour J. S. Bach on the 250th anniversary of his death. Over 250 years after Bach's death, four composers from diverse cultural areas have set the Passion as reported by the four Evangelists Luke, John, Mark, and Matthew to music in their own respective language: Wolfgang Rihm (Germany): DEUS PASSUS/Passion based on St Luke (in German); Sofia Gubaidulina (Russia): St John Passion (in Russian); Osvaldo Golijov (Argentina): La Pasión Según San Marcos (in Spanish); Tan Dun (China/USA): Water Passion after St Matthew (in English). Volume 11 of the magazine series provides a programme book for these four premier performances. Authors featured in this volume: Norbert Bolin, Christian Eisert, Ara Guzelimian, Josef Häusler, David Harrington, Peter Kreyssig, and Dorothea Redepenning.
PASSION 2000 /// 2000, 256 Seiten, Volume out of stock
A compendium of Johann Sebastian Bach's instruments. The observations made by Ulrich Prinz refer to the sources themselves. The original scores and subjects and their description and evaluation enable reliable statements for the first time. The use of instruments, pitch problems between the choir and the standard tone, the language, range, and scale degree of the instruments, the ratio between the musical script and the tablature, notation problems and the key of voices, and their function in the musical composition are discussed. The instruments examined by the study are also from the first half of the 18th century, mainly originating in Leipzig or Nuremberg. Contemporary theoretical literature and copper engravings are examined critically, and reports and documents involving Bach's performances and references to instrument producers are also considered.
The Instruments of J. S. Bach /// 2005, 704 Seiten, ISBN 3-7618-1521-2
A special thematic focus of the J. S. Bach summer academy in 1998 was placed on the musical work of Viktor Ullmann (1898–1944). Ullmann was one of many composers who was displaced, alienated, and murdered by the National Socialist dictatorship. Ullmann wrote a large portion of his works while interned at the Theresienstadt concentration camp. This particular volume is not only a detailed programme booklet; it also includes documents, material, and original articles submitted by acclaimed authors that are helpful for understanding Ullmann's works of and his still incomplete biography. For the first time, a complete directory of all remaining and lost compositions has been able to be reconstructed, and this is accompanied by the biography, which directly illustrates the relationship between Ullmann's life and his work. Another first is publication of the complete libretto for Ullmann's single-act opera 'The Emperor of Atlantis, or Refusal to Die'.
Viktor Ullmann /// 1998, 176 Seiten, Volume out of stock
The Stuttgart European Music Festival 1997 was presented under the motto 'Paths to Romanticism'. This volume includes all presentations that were given during both weeks as thematic component of the festival in Stuttgart. In order to approach the theme of 'Romanticism' as dynamically and from as many different perspectives as possible, renowned scientists from the areas of German studies, comparative literature, the visual arts, philosophy of religion, theology, philosophy, musicology, and the social sciences were contacted to provide their insight. This volume is accordingly rich, and the articles arranged chronologically, which also provides an image of the musical events: starting with Beethoven, continuing with Schubert, Mendelssohn, and Brahms (1997 Memorial Year), up to Alban Berg.
Paths to Romanticism /// 1998, 240 Seiten, ISBN 3-7618-1433-X
The presentations given at the Stuttgart European Music Festival in 1993: music as an international language, as a means to international understanding between people, shows that over the course of its history, it has possessed national characteristics and peculiarities as well as a range of unifying elements and European interdependencies. The main motivation of this volume is to examine these mutual cultural-historical influences and the changes that they affected in more detail. The diversity of the articles by these celebrated scientists from a variety of European countries documents a significant portion of the work done by the Stuttgart International Bach Academy.
Europe's Musical History /// 1997, 280 Seiten, ISBN 3-7618-1231-0
A selection of nearly 90 sermons given by Peter Kreyssig in Stuttgart during the cantata church services at the Gedächtniskirche (since 1965) or during church services on the occasion of the summer academies (since 1979) and music festivals (since 1985). The chronicle at the beginning of the book documents nearly 30 years of ecclesiastical musical activity at over 250 church services, which represents a partnership in spiritual proclamation. It's awe-inspiring and uplifting that the idea realised by Helmuth Rilling and Peter Kreyssig in January 1965 (as cantor and preacher, respectively) still remains effective today, even though the structure remains nearly unchanged. Published on the occasion of the 60th birthday of Helmuth Rilling.
Information through Faith /// 1993, 444 Seiten, ISBN 3-7618-1175-6
Passion theology during Bach's time, Bach's Passions performed as music for church services, theology involving St John, and examinations of St John's depiction of the Passion from the perspective of various religious denominations provided the content for the conference in 1986 and for the summer academy in 1990. Presentations and lectures involving the history of the development of the St John Passion, the different versions, its musical forms, and Bach's special musical rendering of the depiction of the Passion provide ample understanding of current Bach research.
J. S. Bach: St John Passion /// 1993, 208 Seiten, ISBN 3-7618-1141-1
A number of topics characterised the Stuttgart European Music Festival 1988: on the one hand, the Orpheus myth and Orfeo compositions by Monteverdi, Gluck, and Haydn. On the other, the figure of the Messiah, Handel's musical setting, and its examination by Mozart. And finally, presentations involving culture and society in six separate regions of Europe during the second half of the 18th century.
Between Bach and Mozart /// 1994, 368 Seiten, ISBN 3-7618-1029-6
Not only the art of the Fuge, but also the Mass in B Minor is Bach's 'opus ultimum'. Recent research points at a correction involving the image of Bach up until now and to another view of Bach's later works. Eight presentations involving the master's courses and J.S. Bach summer academies 1980, 1983, and 1989 explain the text of the Ordinarium Missae, the relationship between the mass and the catechism during Bach's time, and the source situation and transfer of autographed scores and the 'Dresdner Widmungsstimmen'. These provide deeper insight into the process of the piece's development.
J. S. Bach: Mass in B Minor /// 1990, 176 Seiten, Volume out of stock
This volume unifies the musicological and scientific presentations regarding Bach's St Matthew Passion that were given during the summer academy 1985 in Stuttgart. The authors are well-known Bach specialists. On the one hand, the contents examine the positioning of the St Matthew Passion within the Passion sermon and the musical setting of the Passions during Bach's time, but the formal arrangement and dramatic form are also discussed. For the first time, this volume features a facsimile printing of contemporary texts.
J. S. Bach: St Matthew Passion /// 1990, 175 Seiten, Volume out of stock
The 'Messa per Rossini', a collaboration between important Italian composers, was initiated by Verdi as a Requiem in the honour of Rossini, and although it was completed in 1869, it was never performed for diverse reasons. The premier performance of the Messa on 11 September 1988, which was directed by Helmuth, represents an important event at the Stuttgart European Music Festival. Volume 1 of the magazine series was published on this occasion.
Messa per Rossini: history, sources, music /// 1988, 190 Seiten, Volume out of stock
Auf dieser CD-ROM (ehemals Band 13 der Schriftenreihe) sind die Vorträge vom Europäischen Musikfest Stuttgart 2003 zusammengefasst. Sie versammeln zentrale Fragestellungen an die Komposition aus verschiedenen Perspektiven, etwa nach dem emotionalen Gehalt der Komposition, die dem jungen Brahms nicht nur zum allgemeinen Durchbruch verhalf, sondern offenbar einer ungeahnt breiten Erwartungshaltung entsprach. Chronologie, Notenbeispiele, Briefzitate, Abbildungen und Dokumente, Ausgaben- und Literaturhinweise sowie ausführliche Register bieten dem Leser gezielte Hilfen an.
/// CD-ROM, Bärenreiter-Verlag Kassel 2009, ISBN 978-3-7618-1917-3
Die Passionen nach Johannes und Matthäus im Vergleich. Zusammengefaßt sind Vorträge, die während der Sommerakademien 1985 und 1990 sowie eines Meisterkurses 1986 in Stuttgart gehalten wurden. Ursprünglich waren diese Vorträge in den Bänden 2 und 5 der Schriftenreihe publiziert worden, deren Inhalte in behutsam aktualisierter Form digitalisiert hier erneut publiziert wurden. Darüber hinaus enthält diese CD-ROM ein Gesprächskonzert von Helmuth Rilling aus der Kölner Philharmonie vom April 1999. Enthält Zahlreiche Notenbeispiele, Tabellen, Ausgaben- und Literaturhinweise, Faksimilia sowie ausführliche Register.
/// CD-ROM, Bärenreiter-Verlag Kassel 2007, ISBN 78-3-7618-1870-8
Vorträge der Meisterkurse und Sommerakademien Johann Sebastian Bach 1980, 1983 und 1989. Der seit längerem vergriffene Band zur h-Moll-Messe, nach dem immer noch oft gefragt wird, wurde in digitalisierter Form als CD-ROM wieder zugänglich gemacht. Die Vielfalt der Beiträge renommierter Bachforscher spiegelt ein lebendiges Bild der Arbeit der Internationalen Bachakademie Stuttgart. Zahlreiche Notenbeispiele, eine Übersicht über die Parodievorlagen, Ausgaben- und Literaturhinweise sowie ausführliche Register bieten dem Leser gezielte Unterstützung zum tieferen Verständnis von Bachs opus ultimum, der Messe h-Moll.
/// CD-ROM, Bärenreiter-Verlag Kassel 2005, ISBN 3-7618-1872-6